Brain functioning and breathing are closely related, as the brain sets the rhythm for the respiratory system.

Generally, the ventral respiratory group is defined as a column of respiratory neurons that guarantee proper breathing.

The medulla is another part of the brain that controls breathing, as a rhythm-generating center.

Located in the brainstem, pons and medulla oblongata, the respiratory center plays an important role in body functioning.

It is made up of 3 most important neuron respiratory groups, including one in the pons and two in the medulla.

Read more: Alpha Brain, Prevagen, OptiMind

The ones found in medulla belong to a ventral respiratory group and a dorsal respiratory group.

The neurons in the pons are classified as the pontine respiratory group that consists of two areas, such as the apneustic center and the pneumotaxic center.

Basically, the respiratory center of the brain is in charge of generating and maintaining the respiration rhythms and adjusting them in response to physiological changes.

The input to the respiratory center is sent through mechanoreceptors, chemoreceptors, the hypothalamus, and the cerebral cortex.

Such input helps regulate the depth and rate of breathing, being stimulated by the balanced carbon dioxide, oxygen, and blood pH levels, as well as hormonal changes and similar factors.

Brain disorders, especially in the respiratory groups, can lead to a range of breathing impairments that may cause a need for mechanical ventilation.

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